Apply sunscreen daily
Sun exposure is the main risk factor for developing melasma, so wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher—even on cloudy days. (Don’t forget to reapply after swimming or sweating.)
Wear wide-brimmed hats
Sunscreen alone doesn’t provide all the protection needed to keep those dark patches at bay. Sport a wide- brimmed hat to shield vulnerable areas of the face from harsh rays, and stay in the shade whenever possible.
Use gentle skin care products
Cleansers that sting, burn or irritate the skin can worsen the condition, so pass on any harsh products and opt for more sensitive alternatives instead.
Waxing can inflame the skin and exacerbate melasma, which means it’s best avoided during any hair-removal efforts on the face.