While there’s nothing you can do to prevent the teeth-chattering or full-body-convulsing, covering up from head to toe with warm blankets can offer relief until it passes.
Let out a sigh of relief: Episiotomies—that is, incisions made between the vaginal opening and the anus—are no longer a standard procedure. “Doctors used to think that if they cut an episiotomy, they’d make more room in the vagina, so the mother would not tear [during childbirth],” explains Faulkner. “As it turned out, more women tore more often when they had episiotomies than when they didn’t.”
In rare cases, an episiotomy may be required to make extra space, but in most instances, giving mom time to stretch, providing adequate perineal support and using techniques like massage, hot compresses and oil can help ensure she won’t need one, says Faulkner.
Worried about tearing? “Don’t be,” coaxes Achrem. “Not all women tear while giving birth.” If you do, the reasons could be numerous and are often unavoidable. But, she consoles, “The euphoria of meeting your baby and the endorphins released at that moment will help numb the pain.”
Here’s the cold, hard truth: Most women poop while pushing. In fact, it’s hard not to! Because of the way baby’s head moves down into the rectal area during his exit, there’s nothing you can do to control it—and frankly, it’s better not to try.
“Please do not fear the poop,” pleads Achrem. “The more pooping is feared, the less effective one’s pushing tends to be.”
If it happens, rest assured no one will think twice about it. “It’s part of our job to make sure you stay as clean and tidy as possible and to protect your modesty and dignity,” says Faulkner. “We’ll do our best to clean things up so quickly that you might not even realize it happened.”
One More Time
A baby isn’t the only thing you’ll be delivering on birth day—the placenta also has to pass through your birth canal. After your new family member makes his debut, “you might feel a contraction or two as the placenta separates from the uterine wall and some strong cramps after it is delivered,” says Faulkner.
The soft, squishy, bone-free organ should slide out rather easily, though, and, compared to your 7-pound bundle of joy, will likely feel like a walk in the park.
Look Out Below
What kind of scene should you expect down under following delivery? Swelling and bruising are common. “If you have a tear, your midwife or doctor will suture you up, and those stitches will be visible until they dissolve on their own,” explains Faulkner. “In rare cases, your cervix might be so low in the vagina you can see it.”
But with time, things will heal. “Within a week or two, you’ll likely look very much like you did before birth,” Faulkner says. And within six weeks, you’ll be almost fully recovered. “While you still might feel sore or tender, you’ll also feel relieved that everything is pretty much back to normal.”
In case you never got around to getting a prenatal massage, you can look forward to receiving one postpartum—or at least your former bump can. “To encourage the uterus to contract, your medical team will probably massage the ‘bump,’ or uterine fundus, firmly,” says Faulkner.
The contracting of the uterus helps the vessels that delivered blood to the placenta clamp down, which in turn helps decrease bleeding. In some cases, Pitocin may be administered to facilitate the process.
Go with the Flow
Lochia, or the shedding of the lining of your uterus following pregnancy, will consist of blood, tissue and mucus and be heavy for the first few days. “After that, your flow will get lighter and lighter,” says Faulkner, “but you can expect to have some light bleeding or spotting for as long as four to six weeks after birth.”
You’ll want to wear hospital-issued, industrial-strength pads in the beginning (some moms even swear by adult diapers), and then panty liners as your output tapers. Tampons are off-limits for at least six weeks after delivery to minimize risk of vaginal infection.
In case talking about poop once wasn’t enough, we’re bringing it up again. From constipation to runs, the first No. 2 postpartum can cause concerns of all shapes and sizes. You may have a bowel movement right away, or it may be a couple days before anything passes through.
“Drink lots of water. Eat a high fiber diet and lots of fruits and veggies. Then, for good measure, consider taking an over-the-counter stool softener until you’re sure everything’s working as it should,” Faulkner advises. “Avoiding constipation is very important, so that first bowel movement isn’t too uncomfortable.”
As long as we’re talking toilets, know you’ll be bringing a new friend along to the ladies room. “A ‘peri-bottle’ can be filled with warm or cold water—whichever feels better—and can be used after urinating until the stitches from any vaginal repair from giving birth dissolve,” explains Achrem.
The small plastic bottle will be the most comfortable way to maintain vaginal cleanliness. Plus, she adds, “It aids healing by increasing blood flow and circulation to the perineum.”
The unknowns that accompany your first birth experience can seem awkward at times, but even when your girlfriends hold out on you, you can count on your care provider to fill you in. She’s there to answer any questions you might have—no matter how silly or minuscule they may seem.