How Does PCOS Affect Pregnancy?
PCOS can make it difficult to get pregnant naturally because ovarian cysts interfere with ovulation. Between 70-80% of people with polycystic ovary syndrome are infertile; however, you can increase your chances of conception with a specialist’s guidance and fertility treatments.
People with PCOS are also three times as likely to experience early pregnancy loss. According to a 2023 study by the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, the medication metformin (typically used to treat type 2 diabetes) may help to reduce the chance of miscarriage in these types of cases.
In addition, PCOS is related to an increased risk of the following pregnancy complications:
This type of diabetes only affects pregnant people and, when treated properly, will generally resolve after delivery. Babies whose birth parents have gestational diabetes can be larger for their gestational age, have lower blood sugar levels, and have trouble breathing following birth. For the birth parent, the risk of cesarean delivery is increased due to the baby’s size. Additionally, birth parents with gestational diabetes and their babies are at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.
Characterized by high blood pressure that spikes in the second half of pregnancy (after the 20-week mark), preeclampsia can cause damage to organ systems in the birth parent’s body, most often the liver and kidneys, and in some cases, the brain. When left untreated, preeclampsia can turn into eclampsia, a rare, life-threatening condition that can lead to seizures and even death.
Newborns are considered preterm if delivered before 37 weeks of pregnancy. These preemies can suffer lifelong effects, such as poor health and growth, visual and hearing impairments, learning disabilities, and more.